Cambridge Bay

Cambridge Bay / Iqaluktuuttiaq - 'good fishing place'

Cambridge Bay / Iqaluktuuttiaq - ᐃᖃᓗᒃᑑᑦᑎᐊᖅ - 'Good fishing place'

The community of Cambridge Bay is located on the southeast coast of Victoria Island at the western end of Queen Maud Gulf where it narrows into Dease Strait. In Inuinnaqtun it is called 'Iqaluktuuttiaq' because it is a 'good fishing place.' Cambridge Bay is the centre of government for Kitikmeot, the administrative and transportation hub for this region of Nunavut. It is the largest stop for passenger and research vessels traversing the Northwest Passage. The hamlet is located close to the Ekalluk River, which is famous for giant char. The Ekalluktogmiut people come from there. The short section of the river that flows from Ferguson Lake to Wellington Bay is called 'Iqaluktuuq' in Inuinnaqtun, meaning 'place of big fish.' Its people are the Iqaluktuurmiut. This ancestral region of Nunavut has been inhabited for 4,000 years. It is rich in archaeological history and blessed with abundant fish, seals, geese, muskoxen and caribou.

Community Snapshot

Population
1,477
Ethnic distribution
83% Inuit
Languages
Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, English
Location

Longitude 105° 07’ W
Latitude 69° 06’ N
Elevation 31m

Topography

The hamlet of Cambridge Bay is situated on an extensive rolling plateau that gently rises from steep coastal cliffs. The terrain is dotted with innumerable lakes and ponds.

Climate

Cambridge Bay enjoys constant 24-hour sunshine from May 20 to July 23. The sparse rainfall usually occurs in July and August when temperatures range from 5°C to 25°C. Snowfall is greatest in October and November. December has no daylight, only starlight, moonlight and the Northern Lights. Winter temperatures average between -25°C and -35°C, but can sometimes feel like -60°C with the wind chill.

History

cambridge-bay-victoria-islandArchaeological sites found all over this enormous island prove that indigenous peoples have been living in this part of the Canadian Arctic Archipelago continuously for the last four thousand years.

  • Pre-Dorset Culture ('Saqqaq'): 2500 BC to 500 BC
  • Dorset Culture ('Tuniit' or 'Sivullirmiut'): 500 BC to 1500 AD
  • Thule Culture (Proto-Inuit): 1000 AD to 1600 AD
  • Inuit Culture (Eskimo): 1600 AD to present-day

The Inuit people of Cambridge Bay, from the eastern and southern parts of Victoria Island, speak Inuinnaqtun — a different language from Inuktitut — because they are Copper Inuit people, descendants of the ancient Thule with their own distinct and unique traditions. There are 21 subgroups of Copper Inuit and seven come from here.

  • Ekalluktogmiut — from the Ekalluk River
  • Haneragmiut — from Dolphin and Union Strait
  • Iqaluktuurmiut — from Iqaluktuuq on the Ekalluk River
  • Kangiryuarmiut — from central Victoria Island
  • Kilusiktogmiut — from northeast of Lady Franklin Point
  • Nagyuktogmiut — from Lady Franklin Point
  • Puiplirmiut — from Simpson Bay

The Copper Inuit were so named because they made arrowheads, spearheads, ulu blades, chisels, harpoons and knives from copper that was traded amongst Inuit in exchange for soapstone pots and other valuables. They were hunter-gatherer nomads who came to the Cambridge Bay area because of its abundant wildlife resources.

The Norwegian explorer Roald Amundsen visited the Cambridge Bay area in his ship the Gjøa in 1905 when he discovered the Northwest Passage. He arrived in Alaska in 1906. In 1918 he traversed the same route back from west to east in his new ship called the Maud. The Hudson Bay Company purchased this vessel as a fur trading supply ship, arriving in Cambridge Bay in 1921. The Maud was used for years before it sank into the harbour. Its exposed hull has been a Cambridge Bay landmark for 80 years. Norway is retrieving it now.

In 1947 a long-range navigational LORAN tower was constructed in Cambridge Bay. The construction project involved hiring many Inuit workers who later remained in the area. In 1954 a Catholic church was built using seal oil and sand as mortar. A Distant Early Warning military base was constructed here that same year. The DEW site revised its mission in 1989. It remains operative today as part of the joint United States and Canadian North Warning System.

Activities & Wildlife

Outdoor activities such as hiking, hunting, fishing, dog sledding, cross-country skiing and snowmobile riding are all very popular things to do in Cambridge Bay. Fly-fishing for great big arctic char in nearby Ekalluk River and camping in historic Ovayok Territorial Park are rewarding summertime activities for the whole family. Visiting the ancient archaeological sites of the Pre-Dorset, Dorset and Thule people, seeing how they lived and the panoramas they chose as home is truly awe-inspiring. Wildlife abounds in this area. You will see caribou, muskoxen and seals. In July and August when the tundra is brilliant with wildflowers you can watch many birds, including jaegers, ducks, geese and swans. The community hosts the 'Omingmak Frolics' each May, which include seal hunting and ice carving competitions, fishing contests, talent shows, children's games, dog sledding and snowmobiling races. When staying here for an extended ecotourism adventure, or even just a brief visit from an arctic cruise ship traversing the Northwest Passage, be sure to tour the town, enjoy its hospitality and meet its fine artists.

Arts & Culture

Well-known local artists like Inuk Charlie have sold major pieces internationally. Beautiful Inuit artworks in marble, soapstone, serpentine, ivory, antler, bronze, brass, sterling silver and turquoise gemstone can be found at a variety of locations in Cambridge Bay.

Arctic Closet
Contact: Jorgan Aitaok
Ph: (867) 983-2555

Iqaluktuuttiaq Arts
Contact: Elisabeth Hadlari
Ph: (867) 983-2439

Kioleut Handy Crafts
Contact: Ruth N. Wilcox
Ph: (867) 983-2315

Ikaluktutiak Co-operative
Contact: Angela Butt
Ph: (867) 983-2201
Email: manager.ikaluktutiak@arcticco-op.com
www.arcticco-op.com/acl-kitikmeot-cambridge-bay.htm

Parks

Ovayok Territorial Park
This park is located 15 kilometres (9 miles) east of Cambridge Bay. The central feature of this special place is the distinctive mountain called Ovayok (Mount Pelly) that stands out from the landscape, rising 200 metres (656 feet) in height. For generations, Ovayok has been an important landmark and source of legend for the Inuit people and their Thule ancestors. There are five trails, totalling 20 kilometres (12 miles) of pristine arctic wilderness to explore, with designated camping areas and informative signage at important historical sites. The parkland is home to magnificent herds of muskoxen and its lakes teem with fish and waterfowl.

nunavutparks.com/english/parks-special-places/ovayok-territorial-park/overview.aspx

Queen Maud Migratory Bird Sanctuary
This migratory bird sanctuary is Canada's largest federally protected nature preserve. It is home to one of the greatest concentrations of nesting geese on Earth. The landscape has countless shallow lakes and huge expanses of arctic lowland.

www.ibacanada.com/site.jsp?siteID=NU009&lang=EN

Visitor information

Arctic Coast Visitor Centre
Ph: (867) 983-2224
Fax: (867) 983-2302

Offices of the Hamlet of Cambridge Bay
Ph: (867) 983-4650
Fax: (867) 983-2193
www.cambridgebay.ca

Members

Adventure Northwest
Adventure Northwest

Boyd Warner

PO Box 820, Yellowknife, NT, X1A 2N6

867.446.2654

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http://www.adventurenw.com

More info ˅˄
Big game outfitter working with Inuit partners and providing hunts for caribou, muskox, grizzly bear, wolf and wolverine in the Kitikmeot region. In business for over 30 years in Nunavut.
Arctic Islands Hotel
Arctic Islands Hotel

Angela Butt

PO Box 38, Cambridge Bay, X0B 0C0

867.983.2345 | 1.888.866.6784

867.983.2480

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http://www.InnsNorth.com

More info ˅˄
Arctic Islands Lodge is located on the famous Northwest Passage, north of the Arctic Circle on Victoria Island. Luxurious accommodations offering:  clock/radio, telephone, complimentary wireless-internet, cable, on-site staff, VIP suite, dining room with take-out available.  There is an incredible variety of northern wildlife and flora to photograph. VISA, MasterCard, American Express, Diners Club/enRoute and Interac are welcome.
Arctic Kingdom Expeditions
Arctic Kingdom Expeditions

Graham Dickson

PO Box 6117, Iqaluit, X0A 0H0

416.322.7066 | 1.888.737.6818

416.887.0529

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http://www.arctickingdom.com

More info ˅˄
Arctic Kingdom is the global leader in land-based travel, custom experiences and logistics in the Arctic. Unparalleled expertise in Arctic wildlife and habitat, and unmatched access, built through years of experience and deep-rooted relationships with local Inuit communities, allows Arctic Kingdom to provide the most incredible Arctic experiences in safety and comfort. Arctic Kingdom uniquely offers polar bear viewing in every season throughout the year, as well as exclusive opportunities to safely see narwhal, bowhead whales, walrus, and even polar diving. From scheduled Arctic safaris, to private journeys, and logistic support for film & TV productions, Arctic Kingdom has been crafting legendary Arctic adventures for almost 20 years. www.arctickingdom.com
Complete Expeditions Inc.
Complete Expeditions Inc.

Peter Jess

50 Confederation Villas NW, Calgary, AB, T2L 2K9

403.282.2268

403.453.2267

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http://www.complete-expeditions.com

More info ˅˄
With decades of knowledge and experience, Complete Expeditions (ComEx), is a premier licensed guiding and outfitting company, specializing in the world's last frontier: The Northwest Passage. ComEx provides yacht/port agency services including yacht support operations, aircraft operations, and remote area logistics to its clientele in Greenland, the Canadian Arctic and Alaska. ComEx offers the most comprehensive super yacht services in the region including ice pilotage, local guiding and naturalist knowledge, yacht/port agency, permitting, provisioning and logistical support and planning for vessels transiting the Northwest Passage. With extensive local knowledge, ComEx safely takes clients to experience jaw-dropping pristine landscapes, exotic animal encounters, amazing angling, vibrant local Inuit culture, and untouched ancient Inuit cultural sites throughout Greenland, the Canadian Arctic and Alaska. Contact us to discuss your custom arctic experience.
Crystal Cruises, LLC
Crystal Cruises, LLC

John Stoll

11755 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 900, Los Angeles, CA, 91501

310.203.4475 | 310.600.0518

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http://crystalcruises.com

More info ˅˄
Crystal Cruises is the World's Most Awarded Luxury Cruise Line, having earned more "World's Best" accolades than any other cruise line, hotel or resort in history. Crystal Cruises has won "World's Best Cruise Ship" in Conde Nast Traveler's Reader Choice Awards for 22 years; been voted "World's Best Large Cruise Ship Line" by Travel & Leisure readers for 20 consecutive years; and the "Best Luxury Cruise Line" by Virtuoso for two consecutive years (2014 & 2015). In Summer 2015, Crystal embarked on the most significant brand expansion in the history of travel and hospitality, introducing three new classes of cruising - the recently launched Crystal Yacht Cruises (December 2015), Crystal River Cruises (July 2016). Crystal Executive Class Ocean Cruises (Fall 2019), Crystal Luxury Air (April 2016) and Crystal AirCruises (2017).
Eagle-Eye Tours, Inc.
Eagle-Eye Tours, Inc.

Cam Gillies

4711 Galena Street, Windermere, BC, V0B 2L2

250.342.8640

250.342.8644

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http://www.eagle-eye.com

More info ˅˄
Eagle-Eye Tours is a global leader offering small group birding and nature tours and small ship expedition cruises. Our Nunavut tours include birding and wildlife viewing from land and sea. We offer an unforgettable floe edge trip from Pond Inlet where you can expect great birding and the chance to see narwhal, polar bears and much more! On this remarkable tour we travel with Inuit to the wildlife rich edge of the sea ice. Our Cambridge Bay tour includes birding and chance to see muskox on the beautiful arctic tundra. Our expedition cruises span the arctic including the Northwest Passage. With over 20 years of experience, we offer exceptional experiences in Nunavut; give us a call!
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Ekaluktutiak Sport Hunts, Ltd.

Beverly Maksagak

PO Box 1270, Cambridge Bay, X0B 0C0

867.983.2426

867.983.2427

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More info ˅˄
Experienced guides for large and small game hunts. Geese hunts are also available. We also have guides available for eco-tours and researchers.
Enokhok Inn & Suites
Enokhok Inn & Suites

Ed Romijn

PO Box 103, Cambridge Bay, NU, X0B 0C0

867.983.2562

867.983.2271

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http://www.enokhok.com

More info ˅˄
Enokhok Inn has 7 rooms in the main building with queen size beds and all rooms have cable TV and Wi-Fi access. We provide continental breakfast, lunch and supper are also available. The Inn has a large living room where guests can meet and share their unique stories. We have 3 bedroom executive suites that is self contained and fully furnished including washer and dryer. We offer free airport pickup.
Eyos Expeditions
Eyos Expeditions

69 W 106th St. #3B New York, Cambridge Bay, 10025

212-662-3271

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http://www.eyos-expeditions.com

More info ˅˄
Eyos expedtitions organizes, plans, and guides superyacht expedtions in the worlds most wild or culturally rich locations.
Far Horizons
Far Horizons

Carole Gobeil

6-2868 Hwy 43, RR1, Kemptville, ON, K0G 1J0

800.298.6607 x 204

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http://www.carolegobeil.ca/

More info ˅˄
Far Horizons is an established retail and wholesale tour operator, since 1986, customizing unique and original travel packages to exotic destinations for travelers from around the world. Carole Gobeil joined the company in 2015 as their polar travel specialist. Carole has been traveling in the Arctic since 2005 and has a great passion for the North, She is fully bilingual, English and French. She escorts small personalized groups to the Arctic and builds packages suited to one's specific needs and desires.
First Air
First Air

PO Box 477, Iqaluit, X0A 0H0

1.800.267.1247

867.975.1059

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http://www.firstair.ca

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Scheduled, cargo and charter passenger flights to and within the NWT, Nunavut and Nunavik.  Main gateways:  Ottawa, Montreal, Edmonton, Winnipeg, Iqaluit and Yellowknife.  26 destinations in the North with over 20 aircraft.  All scheduled First Air flights earn Aeroplan points.  Charter air service also available worldwide.
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GO CARGO TAXI & All-Wheel Rentals

Corey Dimitruk

Box 38, Cambridge Bay, X0B0C0

867.983.5777

867.983.3004

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More info ˅˄
GO CARGO TAXI & ALL-WHEEL RENTALS providing high-quality passenger and freight on the ground and in the air in the Kitikmeot, based in Cambridge Bay. We proudly support our local outfitters.
Green Row Executive Suites
Green Row Executive Suites

Daniel Caron

PO Box 1052, Cambridge Bay, X0B 0C0

867.983.3456

867.983.3444

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More info ˅˄
Our 2 Bedroom suites are similar to a small apartment and offer you the same comforts as being in your own home. Each suite has a fully equipped kitchenette, living room with large screen satellite TV, washer & dryer, free Internet services, local calls, gym access as well as free shuttle service to and from the airport. All amenities are within walking distance. Truck rentals are available upon request.
Hakongak Outfitting
Hakongak Outfitting

George Hakkongak

P.O. Box 2053, Cambridge Bay, X0B 0C0

867.983.2799

867.983.3190

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More info ˅˄
We offer Wildlife viewing,hunting,fishing and bird watching.
Inns North
Inns North

Holly Harel

1645 Inkster Boulevard, Winnipeg, R2X2W7

204.697.2243 | 1.888.866.6784

204.697.1880

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www.Innsnorth.com

More info ˅˄
Head Office for Inns North hotels
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Keewatin Air LP

Nicole Rebeck

PO Box 658 , Iqaluit, X0A 0H0

867.979.2790 | 1.877.879.8477

867.975.2043

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www.keewatinair.ca

More info ˅˄
Keewatin Air offers air charter services throughout the entire Nunavut Territory, in addition to to our world-renowned medivac services. For an amazing tour of the Iqaluit area, our 1 hour sight-seeing tours are extremely popular. Contact us today for your free quote.
Nunavut Parks and Special Places
Nunavut Parks and Special Places

P.O. Box 1000, Station 1340, Iqaluit, X0A 0H0

867-975-7700

867-975-7747

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http:/www.nunavutparks.com

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Pinnguaq Association

Ryan Oliver

PO Box 523, Iqaluit, X0A 0H0

705.928.5724

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http:///www.pinnguaq.com

More info ˅˄
Pinnguaq means "Play" in Inuktitut and with office now in Nunavut, Ontario and B.C. we have a mandate to create interactive experiences that push both the limits of technology and cultural expression. Whether focused on film, virtual reality, gaming, education or application development we combine a passion for culture and technology to both stimulate and entertain.
Qaggiavuut!
Qaggiavuut!

Ellen Hamilton

PO Box 383, Iqaluit, X0A 0H0

867.979.6841

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http://www.qaggiavuut.com

More info ˅˄
Qaggiavuut is a non-profit society to strengthen, promote, advocate and create space for Nunavut performing artists with a focus on Inuit. Our work includes advocacy for a Nunavut Performing Arts Center, training and promotion of Nunavut performers, children's performing arts programs, create new Inuit language performance work and preserving traditional Inuit performing arts.
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Tabagari, Taylor & Johnson

Max Johnson

70 Algonquin Avenue, Winnipeg, MB, R2G 2H3

204.792.0281

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www.ttjtourism.com

More info ˅˄
TTJ Tourism provides community-based tourism consultancy services. We additionally offer individualized marketing and sales strategies, and work with companies, hamlets, regional organizations and government to develop and implement tourism strategies.
Umingmak Lodge Bed & Breakfast
Umingmak Lodge Bed & Breakfast

Sandy Morash

PO Box 2076, 28 Iharulik Street, Cambridge Bay, NU, X0B 0C0

867.983.2550

867.983.2277

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http://www.umingmaklodge.com

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